Hopper

A large funnel- or cone-shaped device into which dry components (such as powered clay or cement) can be poured to mix uniformly with water or other liquids. The liquid is injected through a nozzle at the bottom of the hopper. The resulting mixture may be drilling mud to be used as the circulating fluid in a rotary drilling operation, or it may be cement slurry to be used in bonding casing to the borehole.