Acoustic log

A record of the measurement of porosity, done by comparing depth to the time it takes for a sonic impulse to travel through a given length of formation. The rate of travel of the sound wave through a rock depends on the composition of the formation and the fluids it contains. Because the type of formation can be ascertained by other logs, and because sonic transit time varies with relative amounts of rock and fluid, porosity can usually be determined in this way.